Ghingaru is believed to be a native of Nepal and China. In India, it is distributed from Sutlej valley to Bhutan between 1000 – 2600 m. In the North Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand.
The fruits are full of medicinal properties. These are credited with cardio-tonic, coronary vasodilator and hypotensive properties. It has been used for cardiac failure, myocardial weakness, paroxysmal tachycardia, hypertension, arteriosclerosis and Burgor’s disease. The anti-oxidants present in the fruits are helpful in reducing the ill-effects of free-radicals in our body, maintain blood-pressure and reduce cholesterol. The fruits are cardio tonic and based on this property of the fruit, The research team from Indian Defence Research Development Organization (DRDO) working at Pithoragarh in the Noth Indian State of Uttarakhad, has prepared a tonic from ghingaru fruits named ‘Hridyamrit, literally meaning “nectar for heart”. Apart from this the fruits are helpful for rejuvenation in aged people, reduce joint pains and act as appetizer.
The leaves are used in the preparation of herbal tea, sun burn creams and many facial creams. The bark of the shrub is used in heavy bleeding during menstrual cycles. A combination of Ginkgo and Pyracantha leaves are a tonic to mind. The stem bark is useful in fevers especially malaria.